The stunning St John polyptych at St Mary’s Church, Lydiard Park, will be open this weekend from Friday July 21 to Sunday July 23, 2017 to celebrate the 402nd anniversary of its installation.
At the centre of this multi panelled genealogical masterpiece is a family portrait. Believed to have been painted by William Larkin (portraitist at the court of James I and known as ‘The Curtain Master’ for his predilection for including draped curtains and oriental carpets in his paintings) the St John portrait pays homage to the parents of Sir John St John, 1st Baronet.
Sir John and Lady Lucy St John kneel in prayer on a sarcophagus beneath which lie three coffins representing three of their children who died before the painting of the portrait.
Their son, Sir John (1st Baronet) and his wife, Anne Leighton stand on the left of the portrait and on the right are Sir John and Lady Lucy’s six daughters.
The outer panels detail the St John family history including a panel dedicated to their Tudor connections.
As Brian Carne writes in the recently reprinted Curiously Painted:
‘It can properly be assumed that Sir John St. John, 1st Baronet, drew on Sir Richard’s [St George] competence as an Officer of the College of Arms and his genealogical and heraldic knowledge for the heraldry on the central display and the pedigree on panels 4a and 8a (1616-25)’. Sir Richard St George, Norroy King of Arms and later Clarenceux King of Arms, was married to Sir John’s aunt Elizabeth, the eldest daughter of Nicholas and Elizabeth St John.
The 17th century St John family lived through turbulent times about which a vast amount of academic and populist historical works exist. The life of Sir John (1585-1648) is also well documented but what do we know about his six sisters?
Brian Carne writes: “Little has been discovered about the lives of the six sisters: they existed in the shadows of their husbands.”
Lucy St John was born in 1589. She married Sir Allen Apsley, Lieutenant of the Tower of London, at the church of St Ann’s, Blackfriars on October 23, 1615. Following his death she had a second, short lived marriage to Sir Leventhorpe Francke and she died in 1659 aged 70 years.
The little that is known about youngest sister Lucy, comes from the writings of her daughter Lucy Apsley.
Not a lot to be going on with for the historical biographer, but for the historical novelist an absolute gift! It was from this position that Elizabeth St John began writing The Lady of the Tower.
Elizabeth St John is a direct descendant of the senior Bletsoe branch of the St John family and the 13th great granddaughter of Margaret Beauchamp (Henry VII’s grandmother).
Elizabeth, who grew up in England but now lives in California, first visited Lydiard about thirty-five years ago, and has returned almost every year since.
‘I remember the first time I visited, walking through the house and seeing all the portraits. It was as if part of me had come home – perhaps it’s because I inherited the St. John nose, and there was a sense of familiarity!’
Elizabeth’s novel has been a long time in the writing and began as an article published in The Friends of Lydiard Tregoz Report 1987 as The Influence of the Villiers Connection on the First Baronet and his Sisters.
‘The story stayed with me, and it’s been a lifetime dream to write a book about them.’
Elizabeth has undertaken extensive research and skilfully interweaves fact and fiction, including authentic 17th century cures and recipes borrowed from her kinswoman Lady Johanna St John’s Booke.
Elizabeth’s novel has received critical acclaim:
Few authors tackle this period, opting for the more popular eras, but Elizabeth St John has brought the early Stuart Court in the years before the English Civil War vividly to life. She weaves together the known facts of Lucy’s life with colourful scenes of fictional imagination, drawing on innocent romance and bleak deception to create a believable heroine, and an intriguing plot.
Historical Novel Society
But perhaps one of the greatest endorsements is that The Lady of the Tower is now on sale in the Tower of London bookshop.
But if you can’t pop into the Tower, the book is available online from Amazon in both paperback and Kindle (where it is now in the Kindle Best Sellers for Historical Fiction in both the US and UK).
The Lady of the Tower leaves the story in 1630 with Lucy recently widowed and homeless. Elizabeth is currently writing a second book, which has the working title ‘By Love Divided’ and follows the story of Lucy’s two children.
‘Lucy Hutchinson and Allen Apsley, fought on opposing sides of the Civil War. This book explores their lives, and those of their extended family, through their eyes. The conflict that drove their beliefs was often blurred and confused, and throughout the wars they remained extremely close. It’s a fascinating time in our history, and one that not much is written about.’
The St John polyptych will be open at the following times:
Friday July 21 – 11 am – 4.30 pm
Saturday July 22 – 12 noon – 4 pm
Sunday July 23 – 2.30 pm – 5 pm